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Title: Haemodynamic responses to exercise, ATP infusion and thigh compression in humans: insight into the role of muscle mechanisms on cardiovascular function
Authors: González-Alonso, J
Mortensen, SP
Jeppesen, TD
Ali, L
Barker, H
Damsgaard, R
Secher, NH
Dawson, EA
Dufour, SP
Keywords: Muscle perfusion;Cardiac output;Skeletal muscle pump;Exercise;Haemodynamic responses
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Journal of Physiology, 586(9), 2405 - 2417, 2008
Abstract: The muscle pump and muscle vasodilatory mechanims are thought to play important roles in increasing and maintaining muscle perfusion and cardiac output Graphic during exercise, but their actual contributions remain uncertain. To evaluate the role of the skeletal muscle pump and vasodilatation on cardiovascular function during exercise, we determined leg and systemic haemodynamic responses in healthy men during (1) incremental one-legged knee-extensor exercise, (2) step-wise femoral artery ATP infusion at rest, (3) passive exercise (n = 10), (4) femoral vein or artery ATP infusion (n = 6), and (5) cyclic thigh compressions at rest and during passive and voluntary exercise (n = 7). Incremental exercise resulted in progressive increases in leg blood flow (ΔLBF 7.4 ± 0.7 l min−1), cardiac output (Graphic 8.7 ± 0.7 l min−1), mean arterial pressure (ΔMAP 51 ± 5 mmHg), and leg and systemic oxygen delivery and Graphic. Arterial ATP infusion resulted in similar increases in Graphic, LBF, and systemic and leg oxygen delivery, but central venous pressure and muscle metabolism remained unchanged and MAP was reduced. In contrast, femoral vein ATP infusion did not alter LBF, Graphic or MAP. Passive exercise also increased blood flow (ΔLBF 0.7 ± 0.1 l min−1), yet the increase in muscle and systemic perfusion, unrelated to elevations in aerobic metabolism, accounted only for ∼5% of peak exercise hyperaemia. Likewise, thigh compressions alone or in combination with passive exercise increased blood flow (ΔLBF 0.5–0.7 l min−1) without altering Graphic, MAP or Graphic. These findings suggest that the skeletal muscle pump is not obligatory for sustaining venous return, central venous pressure, stroke volume and Graphic or maintaining muscle blood flow during one-legged exercise in humans. Further, its contribution to muscle and systemic peak exercise hyperaemia appears to be minimal in comparison to the effects of muscle vasodilatation.
Description: This article is available open access through the publisher’s website. Copyright @ 2008 The Authors.
ISSN: 0022-3751
Appears in Collections:Sport
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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